An urban study was the base for the architectural project to rehabilitate, preserve and consolidate the former factory La Constancia Mexicana aimed at harboring a cultural center including the Musical Center Esperanza Azteca. Our study proposed comprehensive planning of this rehabilitation by understanding different urban scales. We regionally, urbanely and locally analyzed the position of La Constancia in the city of Puebla and its surrounding areas. We investigated and examined urban conditions related to the natural surroundings, radial proximity, roads, flows, traffic, public transportation, routes, statistics, cultural sites, equipment, services and land use. The study proposed opening some U-turns in nearby streets, relocating some public transportation stops, rebuilding sidewalks and garrisons, retiring exterior cables, placing lamp posts, relocating pedestrian crossings, widening sidewalks, habilitating handicapped ramps, designing pedestrian plazas, equipping with urban furniture and reforesting central reserves.
Also, we observed highways and traffic system circuits worked as natural borders between different social stratus neighborhoods for, far from communicating them with one another, they isolated their populations. Therefore the study presented some connecting strategies with the city to correct environmental fragmentation with surrounding areas. We suggested connecting Puebla’s historical downtown area and Central Bus Station (CAPU) with La Constancia through environmental corridors and transportation circuits. We proposed transforming the river system and spaces under bridges, tunnels and pathways into public promenades by cleaning and rehabilitating creeks. We also studied the possibility of rehabilitating former train tracks and its surroundings to create pedestrian routes, bike lanes, plazas, sports facilities, commercial and recreational spaces, urban infrastructure and furnishings that would broaden the cultural corridors and circuit network. The strategies were aimed at developing La Constancia and correcting social and financial differences while promoting a much more diverse and abundant circulation of the population, leading to the management of the cultural center and therefore financial benefits for the tourist sector.
Location: Puebla, Puebla
Program: Urban Study
Urban Project: Rozana Montiel
Architectural Project: Gómez de Tuddo Arquitectos
Restoration Project: Francisco Pérez de Salazar
Collaborators: Simon Willet | Carol Soos | Hadrien Tricaud | Alin V. Wallach
Project year: 2011